Free classes return on soil-health practices

‘Cover Crops 101’ sessions starting Wednesday at Riverland

Mower Soil & Water Conservation District again is organizing “Cover Crops 101” sessions for the public at Riverland Community College’s west campus in Austin. Sessions will be offered from 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. in Room A115 the Riverland Center of Agricultural & Food Science Technology, 1900 8th Ave. N.W.

Austin Township farmer Tom Cotter, who has used cover crops extensively in his operation, and TJ Kartes, a Saddle Butte seed dealer based in Blooming Prairie, will lead each session of “Cover Crops 101.” They will discuss cover crop seed origination; species and species mixes; step-by-step production; and the value of cover crop technology, among other topics.

Austin Township farmer Tom Cotter talks about cover crops on one of his farm fields during a May 2017 soil health tour in coordination with Mower Soil & Water Conservation District.

Mower Soil & Water Conservation District’s soil scientist, Steve Lawler, also will be available to help answer questions.

“Farmers continue to be very interested in cover crops and soil health but want more quality information to help them make decisions for their operation,” Lawler said. “These classes will give the basics and show methods that have been effective for us.”

Mower SWCD soil scientist Steve Lawer (center) talks in May 2017 about the roots of cover crops on an Austin Township farm field during a soil health tour.

Cover crops are a second, unharvested crop planted in coordination with regular cash crops, such as corn and soybeans. They are viewed as tools to keep soil in place; bolster soil health; improve water quality; and reduce pollution from ag activities. Popular cover crops include cereal rye, crimson clover and oilseed radish.

Cotter and Kartes are set to give other “Cover Crops 101” sessions during February and March in the area, including:

  • Feb. 4 in Rochester — 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at Cascade Town Hall (2025 75th St. N.E.). Hosted by Olmsted Soil & Water Conservation District.
  • Feb. 6 in Faribault — 6:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m. at Forest Township Hall (3625 Millersburg Blvd.). Hosted by Rice Soil & Water Conservation District.
  • Feb. 18 in Albert Lea — 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. at the Freeborn County Courthouse (Freeborn Room, 411 S. Broadway Ave.). Hosted by the Freeborn Soil Health Team.
  • March 2020 (TBD) in Winona — Date and location pending.
  • March 21 in Owatonna — 9 a.m. to 11 a.m. at the Four Seasons Centre (1525 S. Elm Ave.). Part of the North American Farm & Power Show.

Cotter is a fourth-generation farmer who was honored in 2016 as Mower County’s Outstanding Conservationist of the Year and did extensive outreach under a 2017 Cover Crop Champion grant in coordination with Mower SWCD. He raises a variety of crops and runs cow/calf beef operation on his Austin Township farm that was certified through the state’s Ag Certainty water-quality program.

TJ Kartes of Saddle Butte in Blooming Prairie

Since 2017, Cotter has given dozens of presentations on cover crops and soil health, including at state and national conferences.

Kartes is a Blooming Prairie native who has worked with producers in a five-state area with cover crops since 2009. Starting in 1987, Kartes helped an uncle for nearly two decades with a farming operation in the Blooming Prairie area, where his uncle transitioned from ridge till to no-till to no-till with cover crops to adding a third crop to his rotation.

Lawler just completed the second year of a three-year soil health research project using dozens of field plots in Mower County. He is collaborating with the University of Minnesota, University of Wisconsin-River Falls, The Hormel Foundation and Riverland Community College, which runs a soils laboratory.

The Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program says cover crops offer economic and ecological benefits:

  • Reducing fertilizer costs.
  • Improving crop yields by enhancing soil health.
  • Reducing the need for herbicides and pesticides.
  • Preventing soil erosion.
  • Conserving soil moisture.
  • Protecting water quality.
  • Helping to safeguard personal health.

Mower Soil & Water Conservation District

Since 1953, Mower SWCD has provided land and conservation services to Mower County landowners to help manage lands in a way that promotes a sound economy as well as sustains and enhances natural resources that are key to the state’s environmental health. Mower SWCD is one of Minnesota’s 91 SWCDs each are governed by an elected board.

Formed in 2007, CRWD works to reduce flooding and improve water quality on the Cedar River State Water Trail and its tributaries in southern Minnesota.

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