Dexter 30-Dam 1 (prior to full completion with grass established on the berm) controls stormwater flowing through the site toward the South Branch of Dobbins Creek during the September 2019 flooding in Mower County. This project is in Dexter Township and is upstream from a similar earthen berm (Dexter 30-Dam 2) set to be built this year and work in connection with this structure to improve water quality and reduce flooding.

CRWD to build its largest project yet

Overall CIP flood-reduction goal to be surpassed this year

May 22, 2020 — When flood-inducing rains hit the Austin area, a future two-berm system in South Dobbins Creek’s headwaters will capture stormwater that covers an area up to three times larger than East Side Lake.

Overall, these projects — one started Thursday and the other completed in 2019 — will work with nine other upland-storage berms built by Cedar River Watershed District in Dobbins’ headwaters to improve water quality and reduce flooding.

When completed, the Dexter 30 berms — Dam 1 (right) and 2 (left) — will temporarily cover this 100-acre area colored in blue with stormwater during a 100-year flood event (roughly 8 inches of rain over a 24-hour period). This area is 2.5 times the size of Austin’s East Side Lake, which is a dammed stretch of Dobbins Creek at the bottom of the watershed. The Dexter 30 dams are toward the top of the watershed.

With this system, rain events like the storms that caused Austin’s worst-known floods in 2000, 2004, 2008 and 2010 will have a 10 percent lower peak flow — floodwaters won’t crest as high — where Dobbins Creek flows into the Cedar River in Austin. CRWD also will have more than achieved its goal of an 8 percent peak-flow reduction at that point as set for its nearly $9 million Capital Improvement Plan (CIP) launched in 2016.

CRWD originally planned for 25 projects with the CIP initiative but, as opportunities have arisen for larger, more-productive projects, the overall value delivered by fewer projects has far exceeded the original plan, said Cody Fox, CRWD project manager overseeing the CIP program.

“Teamed with our other CIP berms, this new project will make a big difference in our rural areas and in the City of Austin for reduced flooding and better protections for water quality,” Fox said.

With final approval given Wednesday by the CRWD Board of Managers, construction started Thursday on the nearly $1.2 million Dexter 30-Dam 2 — the largest project to date by CRWD, with the berm having a peak height of 21 feet. The project has easements with two landowners and the cooperation of a third landowner.

CRWD project manager Cody Fox (red shirt) explains at a June 2019 tour of the Dobbins 1 upstream berm how upland-storage projects reduce flooding and improve water quality.

CIP projects are funded by a $3.2 million grant awarded by The Hormel Foundation and nearly another $4 million thus far in funding from state grants and state bonding. Up to $1 million from a CRWD local project levy is available, if needed.

Dexter 30-Dam 2 will be the lone CIP project built this year by CRWD, which has completed 13 projects to date. Ten are in the uplands of Dobbins’ north and south branches; three are along the Cedar River, south of Austin.

CRWD’s new berm will be built just east of Mower County Road 19, a few miles northeast of Interstate 90’s juncture with Minnesota Highway 56. Combined, the Dexter 30 berms should eliminate the threat of stormwater or snowmelt flowing over the downstream section of County 19, which has a history of overtopping often, Fox said.

Mower County Road 19 overtops from major snowmelt in March 2019 in Dexter Township a few miles east of the Interstate 90 juncture with MN Hwy. 56.

Another roadway — the 230th Street gravel road in Red Rock Township that cross South Dobbins — also should see less overtopping after the newest berm is in place, Fox added.

Red Rock Township’s 230th Street bridge overtops by the South Branch of Dobbins Creek in March 2019 during a major snowmelt.

Dexter 30-Dam 2 will slow and treat stormwater from about 750 acres of mostly cropland, which will include controlling sediment within more than 60 acres of permanent grassland. It will be west or downstream from the Dexter 30-Dam 1 built last year to treat stormwater from about 490 acres. Together, the two berms will slow and treat stormwater from 1,240 acres and increase the total to nearly 3,000 acres controlled by CIP projects in the Dobbins watershed prone to flash flooding.

Crews create an emergency berm on the west side of Austin’s East Side Lake (a dammed stretch of Dobbins Creek) in June 2008 during the city’s third worst-known flooding. A permanent berm now protects this area.

When the area gets about 8 inches of rain over 24 hours — roughly what’s considered a “100-year flood” — the Dexter 30 berms will temporarily hold stormwater that covers nearly 100 acres or about 2.5 times the acreage of East Side Lake, a dammed stretch of Dobbins Creek in Austin At capacity, the two berms would cover about 120 acres and hold enough stormwater to fill a 550-foot-deep pool the size of a football field.

CRWD heavily targets the Dobbins watershed due to its history of flash flooding that causes water-quality issues and flood damage to rural and urban infrastructure and properties. Upland water storage is a CIP focus because it decreases the amount and speed of stormwater flow, reducing the potential for significant streambank erosion.

KSTP-TV photo from July 1978 — a record flood at the time for Austin — showing Dobbins Creek at top flooding a large section of Interstate 90 from the 21st St NE bridge going west toward East Side Lake.

Through the CIP projects’ treatment process, much of the sediment, excess nutrients and other pollutants in stormwater can settle to the bottom of the basin created behind the berms rather than continue into Dobbins Creek and the Cedar River. Sediment is loose particles of sand, clay, silt and other substances mostly from eroding soils on land or streambanks that makes streams cloudy, which is harmful to fish and plant life while also filling in lakes and streams.

CIP projects also protect and enhance wildlife habitat through easements that keep land as prairie and wetlands.

To date, the biggest CIP project completed is the upstream Dobbins 1 berm in the uplands of North Dobbins Creek. That project — completed in fall 2018 — already has been tested six times since with rainstorms and snowmelt.

In 2019, CRWD also built three upland-storage berms in Red Rock Township, east of Austin. A 250th Street berm was built in the North Dobbins’ headwaters to treat 470 acres and help reduce the frequency of 250th Street overtopping from flooding. CRWD also built Red Rock 26 and 27 berms in the South Dobbins headwaters to treat stormwater on about 250 acres overall.

Contractors mulch and do other final touches on one of the 2019 CIP projects built by CRWD in Red Rock Township in the South Dobbins watershed.

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